How To Check, Inspect and Take Care of Your Tires

Taking Care of Your Car Tires

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It is important to check and inspect your tires because it saves you money on fuel costs and helps extend the life of your tire, so you don’t have to purchase tires as often. But, you might ask about how you could actually check and inspect your car tires? 

You’re in luck because here are some steps that you could use to help you to check, inspect and take care of your car tires  better.

1). Inspect the Tires

It is common for people not to notice that their tires are damaged. You need to check your tires regularly and look for any wear or damage to your tires to avoid more significant problems to the rest of your car.

2). Check your Tire’s Air Pressure

If your tires have incorrect pressures, it can affect the handling and breaking of your car and could have your safety be extremely compromised. Also, having an underinflated tire could also cause the alignment and suspension of your car to be faulty. Your tires loses pressure of about one psi (pound per square inch) every month in ideal conditions and could increase if there is a rise in temperature. So, how could you actually check the pressure of your tires? Here are some tips:

  • You could purchase your own pressure gauge or use the pressure gauge from the local garage.
  • It would be a good idea to check in the morning before you use your car because the tires heat up when you drive, and your reading might be affected when you check the pressure of your car tire after you use your vehicle.
  • You could then unscrew a valve, found on each of the tires, and put your gauge on top of the valve. If you hear a hissing sound, don’t worry, because it’s brief and it’s normal.
  • You could then see the pressure found on your gauge and you can compare it to the suggested bar, or psi, found in the owner’s manual for your vehicle.
  • If you have a home compressor, you can use it to adjust the pressure of your tires. If not, you can fill your tires at your local garage.
  • You can then re-check the pressure of your tires and see if it matches the specifications of the manufacturer.
  • If it matches the specifications, you can then put back the valve caps of each tire.
  • As a note, if there is an excessive drop in pressure, you need to ask your garage for help because your tire could have a slow leak, which is usually caused by a faulty valve or ill-fitting rims. Also, it would be a good idea to check the pressure of your tires on a monthly basis, or before you go on a long trip to avoid accidents.

    3). Respect Your Tire’s Load Capacity

    The tire load index chart states that you should not go beyond the load capacity  when compared to the load index of your tire. When you load tires that  exceed their maximum, it could cause a build-up of excessive heat  that could result in the sudden destruction of your tire.

    4). Have an Alignment Checkup for Your Car

    If you schedule your regular car maintenance, it would be a good idea to get an alignment checkup. This is because any problems with your car’s alignment could wear down the tires of your car. So, if you ever experience a strange drifting, pulling, or gravitating towards the left, or right, side when driving, you need to get the alignment of your car checked to help you preserve your tires longer.

    5). Rotate the Tires of Your Vehicle

    It’s important for you to make sure that you evenly wear your tires by rotating them every six months, or every 10,000 to 12,000 km. because even wear extends your tires’ life and helps obtain balanced traction and handling for your car. The tires found at the front of your vehicle usually wear out quicker than those found at the back. If you rotate their position often, it helps the tires wear evenly and achieve their ultimate tread life. However, it’s important to take note that tire rotation won’t solve wear problems that are caused by incorrect inflation pressures. It’s a good idea to rotate your tires when you get an oil change for the second time (around 10,000 to 12,000 km.). However, you might need more frequent rotation for your tires if your vehicle carries heavy loads, drives at high speeds, or involves long distance driving. You might also need to look into rotation if your tires let out a humming noise when you’re on the road and driving on smooth pavement. So, what if you wanted to do the tire rotations by yourself? Here are some things that you need to keep in mind:

  • You need to check the owner’s manual of your vehicle for any advice by the manufacturer.
  • It’s suggested that the tire rotations follow the recommendation of the manufacturer.
  • You should only rotate the tires front-to-back if all of the tires have same sizes.
  • If you plan to rotate your tires using a directional tread pattern, you need to look at the arrows that are found on the sidewall because these arrows show the tire’s turning direction.
  • Tires that have different sizes for the front and rear sections of your vehicle will need mounting, rebalancing, and dismounting to rotate the tires correctly.
  • 6). Check the Tire Treads

    The state of the tread of your tires is one factor to determine the health of your vehicle. When you check your tires regularly, you might be able to see potential problems that would need the intervention of a professional. It would be wise to look at your tires once in a month, or before and after going on a long trip. So, what should you look for in your tires?

  • Visible tread wear bars – Tread wear bars are made of hard rubber and designed to be seen if you have worn tire treads. If you’re unsure of where to look, there’s a mark found at the sidewall that informs you of where to look.
  • Worn treads are indicated by your tire depth gauge – As a rule, the tread of your tire should be at least 2-3 mm. deep. It would be wise to buy a tread depth gauge to make sure that your tires meet the minimum requirement.
  • Small objects are stuck on the thread – It’s common for little objects to be found on your tire’s tread. If these small objects are found in your tire’s groove, you need to take them out carefully to avoid damage to your tire. However, if you find something that looks like it went through the tire, like nails, keep it in the tire until you get to your garage. If not, you’d most likely have a flat tire.
  • These are just some of the things that you could do to check , inspect and take care of your car tires. These ideas are also helpful when you want to maintain the condition of your car because your car’s tires are an indicator of the overall health of your vehicle. So, what are you waiting for? Check your car’s tires and have safe driving and wonderful travels!

    About the Author Simon Adams

    Simon graduated with a Mechanical and Electrical Engineering Degree. He has over 20 years of servicing experience in both Japanese and German car dealerships. He now acts as a freelance mechanic's instructor for local schools.

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